Glossary

Archwire
A wire that is used as the driving force along with the brackets to move teeth.

Band

A small metal ring that is secured to a tooth with adhesive.  A band is usually used on a posterior (back) tooth. It is not always necessary for a band to be placed.

Bracket

This is the part of your braces that is secured to the front of your teeth for the purpose of engaging an archwire. Brackets can be fabricated from metal, ceramic or plastic.

Crowding

Dental malalignment caused by inadequate space for the teeth.

Debonding

The removal of cemented orthodontic braces.

Elastics

Used to move teeth in prescribed direction.

Forsus

A fixed appliance designed commonly for overjet problems.

Gingiva

The tissue that surrounds the teeth, consisting of a fibrous tissue that is continuous with the periodontal ligament and mucosal covering.

Imaging

The process of acquiring representations of dental bone in either two or three dimensions.

Maxillary

Of or pertaining to the upper jaw.

Mandible

Of or pertaining to the lower jaw.

Orthodontist

A dental specialist who has completed an advanced post-doctoral course after becoming a dentist, accredited by the American Dental Association, of 2-3 academic years in the special area of orthodontics.

Orthognathic Surgery

Surgery to alter relationships of teeth and/or supporting bones, usually accomplished in conjunction with orthodontic therapy.  This procedure would be done by an Oral Surgeon.

Overbite

Vertical overlapping of upper teeth over lower teeth.

Overjet

Horizontal overlapping of upper teeth and lower teeth.

3-D Imaging

An scanned image will be taken of your teeth which will provide detailed information to help Dr Johnson make a diagnosis and treatment plan.

Retainer

Any orthodontic appliance, fixed or removable, used to maintain the position of the teeth following corrective treatment.

Retention

The passive treatment period following active orthodontic correction during which retaining appliances may be used.